Satbara Extract aka Satbara Utara, 7/12, 7x12, Saat Bara Extract

This article tries to explain the following questions pertaining to Satbara Extract:
What is Satbara Extract?
What is significance of Satbara Extract?
What information a Satbara does it contain?
Who issues Satbara Extract?
How to obtain Satbara Extract?
Where can I obtain Satbara Extract?
What information do I need to obtain Satbara Extract?

Saat Bara is also known as follows:
Satbara Utara
Seven Twelve Extract
Satbara Extract
7/12 Utara
7/12 Extract
7x12 Utara
7x12 Extract
7 12 Extract
6/12 Extract (part of 7/12)

Satbara Extract is official document maintained by the Revenue Department of the state of Maharashtra for agricultural land and for land that was converted into non-agricultural land (NA). Satbara contains key information such as location,area, name of the legal owners of the land, survey number, hissa number. Satbara also contains other useful information such as who is the cultivator (can be different than the owner), what crops were grown, how much quantity was produced, how much tax (shetsara) was paid and due. It also includes if there is any outstanding loan on the land or if there is any pending litigations. It also includes (by way of a separate register, sort of a log book), changes , i.e. “ferfar” or "pherfar" (Marathi word for significant changes and corrections) made to the ownership records of the land. Such changes are recorded in 6/12 Extract/Utara. 6/12 is also known as "Pherfar Patrak". If there is no formal access road to the land, Satbara also covers how the land can be accessed (typically access would need going through someone else's land, details of such paths are included in Satbara Extract). The ferfar entries include changes to the ownership, Gunthewari, changes to original measurements, partitioning of plot, loans against the land, pending litigation, etc. In case land is acquired by government for civil projects, owner as per Satbara is given compensation. It is purchaser's responsibility to have his/her name recorded on Satbara as new owner of the land. All these convey legal significance and importance of this document.

It should be noted that Gunthewari plots are agricultural plots and any construction done on them after January 1, 2001 is illegal as per Maharashtra Gunthewari Developments Act 2001.

Satbara serves as proof of ownership of agricultural land. Satbara also mentions classification of the land (“Bhogavatadar Varg”), if it is under any kind of classified land (i.e. forest, allotted or owned by protected or scheduled or government recognized section of the society, such as allotted to defense personnel, scheduled cast and tribes, firefighters, etc). Collector’s permission is required while dealing in Class II land. If permission is not taken, the transaction is illegal.

How to obtain copy of Satbara Extract?

Satbara Extract can be viewed online using this URL You need district, taluka, village name, and survey number of the land. Please note that the website is meant for reference purpose only, and should not be and cannot be used for legal reasons. For legal reasons, you must obtain physical copy from respective revenue office as below.

State Revenue Offices: Talati office of respective village maintains the Satbara records. One can pay the official fee to obtain official copy of the Satbara, hence the term “Satbara Extract” or “Satbara Utara” (Utara is Marathi word for copying from other source). Anybody can obtain copy of the Satbara under the Right To Information Act.

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